NFC technology is a set of standards designed specifically for smartphones and other similar devices such as the iPad. NFC technology aims to establish radio communication between these devices by making contact or establishing them at a distance of up to a few centimeters. As has already been proven, the near-field (NFC) connection has many applications, and the expected NFC applications are even more important. NFC technology is used in areas such as data sharing, simplified Wi-Fi setup, which is considered an advanced form of communication when devices don’t need to share information to keep in touch or connect to each other. In addition, the near-field connection provides a connection between the NFC tags, which are NFC chips without power, and the NFC device.
NFC standards are based on existing radio frequency identification (RFID) standards such as FeliCa and ISO/IEC 14443. Standards apply to formats that facilitate data exchange and communication protocols. The short-range Communications Forum defines these standards, such as ISO/IEC 18092. The forum was founded in 2004 and was developed by Sony, Philips and Nokia. It currently has more than 160 members. The forum not only promotes the efforts of NFC technology, but also certifies the compliance of supported devices.
NFC technology promises a stunning future. It is important to note, however, that short-range communication also faces equally serious obstacles and challenges to achieving this future. Given that this technology has been around since 2004, it would be wrong to say that NFC as a technology is nothing new. However, an aggressive NFC study has shown that it can do much more outside of its current application. Like most other technologies, silver has been identified as an engine of renewed interest in new technologies and their potential.
In the United States and Europe, mobile payments have been identified as a catalyst for the introduction of short-range communications in mobile devices. Other dedicated NFC applications, such as file sharing, smart cards, and Bluetooth connectivity, simply didn’t reach the threshold to please the tech-savvy crowd. Experts say that at best these functions will come down to a ploy, and at worst will become completely unnecessary. Paying for clothes, food and spending at Walmart with a smartphone is definitely something most people don’t mind at all. Equipment for this is already available thanks to a small chip on most credit cards.
To pass on your information, you need to buy stickers with NFC tags and paste them on your items. You can buy NFC tags from online sellers. Before you buy NFC stickers, it’s best to decide what information you want them to carry. When buying NFC tags, consider storage capacity and security features. It is better to buy stickers with NFC tags that may contain more information. Finally, before you buy NFC tags, make sure the modulation scheme works for your target device. It’s best to buy NFC-labeled stickers that work with most devices.
What can NFC technology do for you?
Pairing via Bluetooth.
Reading NFC tags.
Short-range communication as a descendant of RFID
As mentioned earlier, NFC technology is rooted in radio frequency identification. So what is RFID? Simply put, the reader generates radio waves, which are then taken by a passive sensor. The sensor uses the radiation energy of radio waves to generate a string of clear text numbers. It is then sent back to the reader for decryption. RFID is used for a number of applications, such as pet and wildlife labeling for research and for tracking pallets in department stores.
The smart card was the next big thing that worked on the RFID principle. However, a smart card is not suitable for sharing open text like an RFID chip. They are equipped with chips that can share (send and store) information based on the most advanced levels of encryption. Smart cards are increasingly used in companies and governments that require a high level of security. Prior to the advent of NFC technology and its critical components, such as NFC and NFC tag stickers, all of the radio frequency solutions mentioned above relied heavily on the use of passive sensor chips.
Microchips on NFC stickers don’t work. Thus, they are completely dependent on the reader who emits the pulse of radio energy, which they caught and used to generate the answer. NFC device manufacturers have integrated this new NFC technology into smartphones. It consists of an active reader and a passive chip in one compact case.